What is a reputable and responsible breeder?

A reputable and responsible breeder takes responsibility for all breeding stock and their offspring. The breeding stock is health tested, proven through conformation, and temperament tested through UKS SPOT or AKC CGC. They will accept any puppy back from the purchaser. They keep a clean facility, adequate care, and proper daily exercise.

AKC Responsible Breeders

What is the difference between pet and show quality?

Pet quality and show quality can have many different definitions depending on the desire for the puppy.

A good breeder can typically tell which puppy would be best what environment. First and foremost its better to match a correct puppy with the correct home. A conformation show puppy is judged by appearance so such a puppy should be determined by that factor, making one not for conformation a pet puppy. Also, a performance puppy should be picked by the drive for the performance wanted by the purchaser, making a puppy without the drive a pet puppy. While each puppy will have it’s own strengths and weaknesses.

Also a kennel will try and keep certain traits in their line or may be known for certain traits and only want those in each category.

A pet quality puppy is one that generally should not be bred according to the particular breeder’s standards for their line.

What is a registered name versus call name?

A registered name includes the kennel or kennels in which the puppy is from, defining the lineage in the name. The call name is what the puppy is actually referred to at home.

What is the difference between White Shepherd, White German Shepherd, Berger Blanc Suisse, White Swiss Shepherd?

White Shepherd-

White German Shepherd-

Berger Blanc Suisse-

White Swiss Shepherd-

Why does a UKC White Shepherd have German Shepherd AKC papers?

UKC allows a AKC German Shepherd colored white to be registered as a White Shepherd as it’s own breed with it’s own standard. AKC does not recognize the White Shepherd as it’s own breed and recognizes them as a German Shepherd colored white. AKC German Shepherd colored white is not allowed to perform in the conformation ring.

How can I obtain UKC White Shepherd papers for my AKC White German Shepherd?

If you have AKC papers as a German Shepherd colored white and no UKC paperwork you may submit to become a member and register your dog through AWSA (American White Shepherd Association) Then you can submit the AWSA certificate to UKC to get White Shepherd papers for your dog.

What is the difference between Biewer Terrier, Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, Biewer a la pom pon, Tri-color Yorkshire Terrier?

Biewer Terrier-

Biewer Yorkshire Terrier-

Biewer a la pom pon-

Tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier-

How can I obtain UKC/AKC papers for my biewer?

To obtain UKC/AKC papers for your biewer there must be health testing done and be approved through BTRA. A dna profile, color profile, and wisdom panel test must be completed and submitted to BTRA (Biewer Terrier Registry of America) Once approved you will recieve BTRA registration you then submit to UKC for registration and AKC for FSS registration.

What does Foundation Stock Service (FSS) mean?

FSS means that the breed is currently building is foundation. There must be a set amount of dogs with a 3 generation pedigree registered and the parent club must meet other obligations for the breed to become a fully recognized AKC breed.


What is the history of White Shepherds?

What are White Shepherds used for?

What is the history of Biewer Terriers?

What are Biewer Terriers used for?

How old must a dog be before breeding?

It is important that the dog is done growing and passed health testing. Certain testing can not be completed until a dog is a certain age, i.e. OFA isn’t a final grade until the dog is 2 years of age. So majority of dogs are not bred until at least over 2 years of age once results for testing are final and passed. A bitch needs to be mature and done growing to carry a litter of puppies due to the stress on their body and to not affect growth.

Why is it so important to do health testing?

Health testing is important to make the best decisions possible for a breeding pair. Every dog typically carries something and to breed out negative outcomes and the best dog possible knowing the health and dna of the dogs will help a breeder make better informed decisions. It is also good to health test should anything arise within the breeding to know where it possibly could of came from. Health testing facilities also will often ask for permission to use dna submitted to do additional testing and research to better understand the conditions and the breed.

What health concerns are there for White Shepherds?

What health concerns are there for Biewer Terriers?

What is MDR1?

MDR1 is a drug sensitivity to certain medications, sedatives, and anesthesia. Not all carriers will show a sensitivity, but it is extremely possible. It is important that your vet be informed if your dog carries the MDR1 gene so that proper medication can be administered and if anesthesia or sedative is ever required the correct dosage can be given to minimize a reaction. MDR1 can be fatal if proper dosages are not given.

What is DM?

What is uric acid?

What is OFA?

OFA is Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Their website states:

The OFA is guided by the following four specific objectives:

  • To collate and disseminate information concerning orthopedic and genetic diseases of animals.
  • To advise, encourage and establish control programs to lower the incidence of orthopedic and genetic diseases.
  • To encourage and finance research in orthopedic and genetic disease in animals.
  • To receive funds and make grants to carry out these objectives.

OFA has their own grading system they follow for each testing within each breed to give each submission their own grade.

What is PennHIP?

PennHIP is a different method of grading hips and is accurate in puppies as young as 16 weeks. It helps early intervention which can prevent or lessen the effects. It also helps breeders make early informed decisions about which dogs to keep for breeding stock. The specialists are trained in this particular way of testing and measuring to give the dog a grade and a percentile within the breed.

PennHIP Definition